ONLINE SCHOOLING: MALAYSIA PARENTS-TEACHERS COMMUNICATION CHALLENGES DURING COVID-19 AND MOVEMENT CONTROL ORDER (MCO)
Liyana Mohd Ramly, Syahida Mohd Nazri, Azian Muhamad Adzmi, Muhammad Asyraf Abdul Rahman & Nik Fatinah N. Mohd Farid
Online learning has now become a new norm all over the world. During the period of movement control orders implemented due to the COVID-19 pandemic, all methods of learning have shifted completely, and online schooling has been implemented due to the closure of all educational institutions all around the globe and this includes Malaysia. This study will focus on the online learning system in Malaysia and identify the challenges faced by parents and teachers, indirectly parents have become untrained substitute teachers in assisting children's learning throughout the implementation of MCO. The objectives of the study are focused on i) to determine the influence of COVID-19 pandemic as well as MCO enforcement on learning and teaching institution, ii) to explain the parents involvement as home-school teacher, iii) to analyse the impact of online learning digital literacy for online schooling, iv) to examine the need of internet and infrastructure for online schooling during COVID-19, and v) to determine Parents-teachers communication challenges during Covid-19 and work-life balance. This study is using a qualitative research approach and focuses group discussion (FGD) among the group of parents and teachers was the main method to gather all the data, and parents are selected from all walks of life in Malaysia was carried out as informants to identify the challenges online schooling during MCO, while teachers are selected from both urban and suburban primary and secondary schools. Preliminary findings show that the majority of informants agreed that, inadequate digital literacy among children is the most challenges, followed by inadequate internet facilitation and technology infrastructures, and finally, challenges between work from home (WFH) and monitoring their children school assignment has led to an imbalance work and life.
THE IMPACT OF EMERGENCY REMOTE TEACHING AND LEARNING (ERTL) DURING COVID-19 PANDEMIC ON STUDENTS
Bangoura Sekou Oumar, Salifu Abdul Aziz & Saodah Wok
The COVID-19 pandemic has spread across the globe with unprecedented repercussions, affecting various facets of human life, including education. In response to the Malaysian government’s directive on strict adherence to protocols such as the Movement Control Order (MCO) and social distancing, the higher education sector has enforced the Emergency Remote Teaching and Learning (ERTL) system to replace face-to-face (physical) classes. The swift transition from face-to-face instruction to remote learning is not devoid of challenges. Hence, a new education pathway is called for. As such, this study focuses on the impact of ERTL during the COVID-19 pandemic on International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM) students. The objectives of the study are (a) to determine students’ level of knowledge, perception, attitude, and behavior towards ERTL and (b) to ascertain the predictors of behavior towards ERTL. This study employed a quantitative research design with a survey method. An online questionnaire was used as the research instrument for data collection using the networking sampling procedure. A total of 125 students participated in the study. The findings revealed that IIUM students have a basic knowledge of ERTL, they perceive ERTL to be necessary in terms of its usefulness, and they exhibit a positive attitude and behavior towards it. Knowledge of ERTL and also perception and attitude towards ERTL are the predictors of behavior in ERTL.
EXAMINING STUDENTS' KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES TOWARDS BETTER PRACTICES IN COMBATING COVID-19 PANDEMIC
Dzaa Imma Abdul Latiff, Suhaila Kamal, Nur Faathinah Mohammad Roshdan, Mohamed Shafiq Mohamed Ayub & Mohd Sufiean Hassan
The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the habits that have become the practice of many people recently, in order to adapt to a "new normal". On 30th January 2020, the World Health Organization (WHO) declared COVID-19 a public health emergency that has set off an international concern. Surprisingly, in the first week of March, a number of shocking new cases were reported globally, and COVID-19 appeared as an epidemic. On March 12, 2020, there were more than 125,000 confirmed cases in 118 countries and more than 4600 deaths were reported. A poor understanding and lack of knowledge regarding COVID-19 especially among students may contribute to delayed treatment and the rapid spread of infection. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the knowledge, attitude, and practices among students on COVID-19 at this critical time. A cross-sectional survey of the 21-item instrument was adapted and distributed online using a google form to undergraduate students during the first week of April 2020. The questionnaire was designed to determine students’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices towards COVID-19. A total of 610 undergraduate students were assessed in this study. The results showed that overall, majority of the students have high knowledge and only a few showed moderate respond. Meanwhile, attitudes and practices indicated a good response to COVID-19. In conclusion, students are reported to have good knowledge, optimistic attitudes, and appropriate practices towards the COVID-19 pandemic. This study is both significant and beneficial for the researchers, educators, ministry of health, and the public to keep the knowledge, attitudes, and practices on COVID-19 in line.
ASSESSING THE IMPACTS OF HUMOROUS TV ADS ON YOUNG CONSUMERS’ COGNITIVE, AFFECTIVE AND BEHAVIOURAL RESPONSES
Abdul Jazie Mohd Akbar & Hasrina Mustafa
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of humour level and congruity level in humorous TV advertisements on young consumers’ cognitive, affective and behavioural responses. A 2X2 between groups experiments were conducted involving 100 participants, who were randomly assigned into four different treatment conditions. In this research, four newly developed TV ads were used as the experimental stimuli featuring the same product and brand but with combinations of different levels of humour and different levels of congruity between humorous message and the advertised product. The four treatment groups were a) High Humour and High Congruity Group, b) High Humour and Low Congruity Group, c) Low Humour and High Congruity Group and d) Low Humour and Low Congruity Group. Results showed a significant main effect concerning Level of Humour on cognitive, affective and behavioural responses. Meanwhile, Level of Congruity showed a significant main effect on cognitive and behavioural responses only. However, there was no significant interaction effect between Level of Humour and Level of Congruity found on all cognitive, affective and behavioural responses. The findings of the study make significant contribution to both the academia and industry by providing a more conclusive empirical evidence on the positive effect of humour in inducing various cognitive, affective and behavioural outcomes.
THE EFFECTS OF OBESITY INFORMATION ON IIUM STUDENTS’ HEALTH PRACTICES
Nurul Haziqah Mohammed Zin & Saodah Wok
Most young adults nowadays are obese or are prone to becoming obese. As such, this study intends to explore students’ health practices after they are exposed to obesity-related information through mass media, new media, and interpersonal relationships such as family members, friends/colleagues, medical health officers, and social groups. The specific objectives of this study are: (a) to determine the level of IIUM students’ exposure to obesity, perceived susceptibility to obesity, perceived severity of obesity, perceived benefits from taking actions against obesity, and the perceived barrier to taking actions against obesity; (b) to determine the level of health practices among IIUM students; and (c) to determine the relationships of exposure to obesity, perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, perceived benefits, and perceived barriers resulting from obesity-related information with IIUM students’ health practices. This study employed a quantitative research design and used an online survey method with a network sampling technique to collect data. A total of 213 respondents participated in this study. The results of the study show that students tend to practice a healthy lifestyle after being exposed to obesity-related information through traditional and social media and also through interpersonal relationships, thus helping them further to prevent obesity. They know the severe effects of obesity and also the benefits of not being obese by practicing a healthy lifestyle.